Results | Shyler Engel, PLLC

December 28, 2017
Shyler has had the Court of Appeals reversed by the Supreme Court of Michigan for the third time in three months. We aren’t sure if this is a record, but no one is counting when it comes to liberating cannabis users from the oppressive State of Michigan. This time, we tried for the holy-grail of medical marijuana defenses — attempting to have caregiver-to-caregiver transfers recognized by the Supreme Court. Imagine, a regulatory system where plants can be cared for by more than one person. While the Supreme Court passed on the issue, Michigan’s court of final review determined that the lesser courts failed to recognize the 2016 amendments to the MMMA, and have reversed both the Court of Appeals and the Circuit Court in our latest appeal. Soon, cannabis liberation will come to the State of Michigan, whether the ruling political class wants it or not. Our latest result is available here.  
October 3, 2017
Just three weeks after the Michigan Supreme Court granted leave and remanded our Section 8 appeal to the Court of Appeals, today, we received notice that the Supreme Court granted another application for leave to appeal in an entirely different case. Shyler learned that a Macomb County resident had been sentenced to five to fifteen years in prison over marijuana convictions and probation violations. Shyler immediately appealed the court’s sentence arguing that the sentence was unreasonable. The Court of Appeals denied our appeal, however, today, the Supreme Court ordered the Court of Appeals consider whether our client’s sentence was reasonable. Recently, the Supreme Court issued People v Lockridge, a decision that expands trial court discretion in criminal sentencing. If our appeal is successful, it will reinforce the notion that the punishment must fit the crime, and that five years in prison for marijuana is unreasonable.
September 15, 20170
A Shyler Engel, PLLC client was charged with Operating with the Presence of Marijuana. Despite having a physician’s certification prior to her arrest, the trial court judge denied Shyler any ability to argue that his client had a medical purpose for using marijuana. Because the judge denied our Section 8 motion without a hearing, our client would never able to show a jury that she was not impaired by the marijuana while she was driving — but merely tested positive for it. Shyler appealed this decision all the way to the Michigan Supreme Court. Today, we learned the the Supreme Court agreed with us enough to remand the case back to the Court of Appeals requiring them to review the merits of our appeal. This case may expand the scope of protections provided to medical patients beyond People v Koon.
September 13, 20170

Along with Matt Abel of Cannabis Counsel and Denise Pollicella of Cannabis Attorneys of Michigan, I will be presenting at the Marijuana Law Section of the State Bar’s presentation on the Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act on September 29, 2017 at the State Bar of Michigan’s Annual Bar Conference. This event will be attended by attorneys from across the legal profession seeking discussion on the implementation of the MMFLA by LARA, questions regarding the Licensing Board, and the general expected impact on caregivers and patients. More about the event here: Please note: This event is meant for members of the State Bar.

August 5, 20170
A Shyler Engel, PLLC client was charged with Operating while Intoxicated. Shyler discovered through dashcam video review that police officers had negligently prepared a search warrant affidavit for the blood draw. Shyler filed a motion pursuant to Franks v Delaware, and after many contested days in court, the district court determined that a blood draw lacked probable cause, and dismissed the criminal charge.
May 2, 20170
I will be presenting with attorneys Daniel Grow and Robert Hendricks at two upcoming business conferences hosted by the National Business Institute, an organization focusing on continuing education for business lawyers. Attendees with some legal training will benefit most from this event. Join us in Ann Arbor on June 22, 2017 or in Lansing on June 27, 2017. The agenda is as follows:
  1. Federal Responses to Michigan Marijuana Law 9:00 – 9:45, Daniel W. Grow
    1. Current Federal Enforcement Priorities
    2. Federal Memos and Contradictory Messages
    3. Possible Legal Consequences to Cannabis Consumers Under Federal Law
      1. Gun Control Act of 1968
      2. Federal Housing Assistance
    4. State Agencies and Federal Funding
    5. Preemption and the Controlled Substance Act
  2. Banking and Financing for the Marijuana Industry 9:45 – 10:30, Robert A. Hendricks
    1. Federal Rules and Regulations Affecting Financing
      1. Controlled Substance Act
      2. Bank Secrecy Act
      3. 18 USC §1956
    2. Interpreting the Latest FinCEN and Justice Department Guidance
    3. Lender Due Diligence with Cannabis Businesses
    4. Bank Forensic Audits of Businesses: Determining the Source of Funds
    5. Getting the Loan: Providing Transparency to Lenders
  3. Marijuana Businesses Law in Michigan 10:45 – 11:45, Robert A. Hendricks
    1. Powers of State Regulatory Agencies
    2. Business Types Allowed
    3. Marketing Restrictions
    4. Zoning Requirements
    5. Employment Rules and Restrictions for Cannabis Businesses
    6. Negotiating Third-Party Agreements with Cultivators, Managers, Etc.
    7. Premises Security Regulation Compliance
    8. Preparing for State Regulatory Agency Inspections
  4. Obtaining a Michigan Cannabis Business License 12:45 – 1:30, Shyler C. Engel
    1. Application Procedures: Avoiding Mistakes
    2. Grounds for License Refusal
    3. License Renewals
    4. License Transfers
    5. Appealing Application Denials
  5. Legal Best Practices for Marijuana Product Packaging and Testing 1:30 – 2:15, Shyler C. Engel
    1. Labeling Rules: Product Dosage, Etc.
    2. Packaging Restrictions: Appearance, Child-Proofing and Other Issues
    3. Obtaining Trademarks
    4. Ensuring Proper Food Safety Procedures for Edibles
    5. Product Testing and Third-Party Testing Laboratories
    6. Avoiding Product Liability Pitfalls
    7. Cannabis Disposal Protocols
  6. Michigan Marijuana Taxation: The Latest Rules 2:30 – 3:30, Timothy J. McGraw
    1. State and Local Taxation Protocols for Marijuana Businesses
    2. Federal Tax Issues
      1. IRC §280E – Deduction of Business Expense
      2. Cash Payments
      3. Other Emerging Issues
    3. Business Strategies to Overcome Taxation Difficulties
    4. Current Tax Updates
  7. Ethics 3:30 – 4:30, Daniel W. Grow
    1. Marijuana and Rules of Professional Conduct
    2. Duty to Pursue Justice
    3. Attorney Use of Cannabis Products
    4. Attorney Ownership of Cannabis Businesses
April 22, 20170
A Shyler Engel, PLLC client was leaving a bar after playing golf with friends. Our client maintained that he only had a single beer at the bar. He and his friend started driving home when an officer pulled them over for crossing a double yellow line. The officer asked routine questions, but eventually asked whether our client had been smoking marijuana. Our client admitted to using marijuana on the golf course, but that was nearly 5-6 hours ago. The officer immediately placed our client under arrest after a few quick roadside sobriety tests, charged with Operating while under the Influence of a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance: Marijuana. We attained copies of the blood results, police reports, motor vehicle dashcam recording, and our client’s medical records. While our client was not an active medical patient, he had been certified by a physician for the medical use of marijuana.  We informed the prosecution that People v Koon requires the government prove actual impairment, and that Section 8 of the MMMA can be raised in defense of  any charge involving marijuana. We also noticed that the reason for the stop seemed tenuous after reviewing the dashcam video. Motions in hand, we were able to negotiate a deal to a simple careless driving, a civil infraction. He paid a fine at the counter and left.
March 29, 20170
A Shyler Engel, PLLC client was charged with violation of the Improper Transport statute. However, in People v Latz, the Michigan Court of Appeals held that patients registered with the Michigan Medical Marihuana Program cannot be successfully prosecuted through the Improper Transportation statute. Our client came to us after he had been arraigned by the judge, being placed on testing bond. Shyler quickly called the prosecution advance of the court date to avoid having our client appear. Just before the night before the court appearance, we learned the prosecution had decided to dismiss the case.